Wimbledon 2014

Wimbledon 2014

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23-Jun-2014

06-Jul-2014

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Information about ATP Wimbledon 2014 tournament

Nowhere in the world taste strawberries with cream and victory of a tennis match sweeter than at the oldest and most famous tennis tournament on this planet – at the Wimbledon Championship. The third Grand Slam of the tennis season will take place this year between the 23rd of June and the 6 th of July 2014 at the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club in South West London. The Club is located in one of the London’s suburbs – Wimbledon, from which the name of the Tournament is actually derived.

Wimbledon is currently the only grand slam tournament still played on the native and original tennis surface – grass and also the single grand-slam with a strict white-only dress code for players. The often presence of the Royal family at the Tournament and absence of adverts around the courts add even more character and superior atmosphere to the Championship, which has over the years of its existence become one of the most popular global sport events.

2014 Wimbledon Courts

England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, which has organized the Wimbledon tournament since its very beginning, was founded on the 23rd of July 1868, originally as a croquet club only. At the time it was also called just The All England Croquet Club. The Club dedicated the first lawn to tennis seven years later, in 1875, two years after the game (originally called “Sphairistike”) was invented by Major Walter Clopton Wingfield. In another two years, in 1877, the first tennis tournament (also considered the first Wimbledon tournament) was organized at the Club, and at this occasion the Club also changed its name to the current version. Very shortly afterwards (in 1882) tennis became the only activity of the Club.

Wimbledon panaroma

Source of picture: www.ontennis.com

The Club presently consists of 19 grass courts, eight American clay courts and five indoor courts. In the Aorangi Park - a part of the Club’s complex purchased in 1967 that was until 1981 leased and used by the New Zealand Sport and Social Club, there are another 22 grass courts and two green acrylic courts to be used for practicing before and during the Tournament. The Aorangi Park is also famous for viewing of the Wimbledon matches by the public on a large-scale TV present in the Park, accompanied by, often frantic support of the fans. The grass courts are presently sown with 100% perennial ryegrass, until 2001 combination of ryegrass (70%) and creeping red fescue (30%) was used.

The largest of the courts is the Centre Court (currently can seat up to 15,000 viewers), where also the main events of the Tournament take place. Its present version was built in 1922 after the Club moved its location, but the name, derived from the court being situated in the middle surrounded by other courts, corresponded until the year 1980 (when four more were added around the Court) more with the original arrangement of the courts before the Club’s relocation (between 1881 and 1922). The Court has undergone several renovations, the latest and most important took place between 2006 and 2009, when, besides other measurements, a retractable roof was added to the Court. A curious moment in the history of the Court was a bomb attack which the Court suffered from in 1940 during the World War II.

The second largest Court is the No. 1 Court in the Aorangi Park with capacity of approx. 11,500. It was built in 1997 and replaced the original No. 1 Court situated since 1928 at the west side of the Centre Courte, on site of which the Millennium Building (media centre and facilities for players, members, and officials) was subsequently constructed. The Court is planned to be fitted with a retractable roof by 2019.

Two other bigger Courts in the Club are the No. 2 and No. 3 Courts which can hold 4,000 respectively 2,000 spectators. The current version of the No. 2 Court was built in 2009 on the site of the former No. 13 Court and the current No. 3 Court is actually a refurbishment of the former No. 2 Court, also accomplished in 2009. Apart from courts and the media centre, a tennis museum (the Wimbledon Lawn Tennis Museum) is also present at the Club. The Centre Court and the No. 1 Court are normally used only once a year for the Wimbledon tournament, the other courts are used also for other kinds of events.

2014 Wimbledon Men’s singles tournament Format and Participants

Wimbledon tournament is divided into five main events – Men’s’ singles, Ladies’ singles, Men’s doubles, Women’s doubles and Mixed doubles, five junior events (boys and girls singles and doubles and doubles for disabled) and five invitation events (Men’s doubles, Senior Men’s doubles, Ladies’ doubles, Men’s Wheelchair doubles and Ladies’ Wheelchair doubles).

In the Men’s singles tournament, 128 players compete for the Wimbledon Championship title. Majority (112) of them are chosen directly by The Committee of Management and the Referee based, mainly but not only, on their current international ranking (players without high enough ranking may be awarded a wild card), 16 players are added to the draw after passing the qualifying stage (which begins one week prior to the main tournament and consists of 3 rounds; qualified players must win all 3 of them). After completing the list of 128 players, a draw will determine which players will meet each other in the first round. Seeded players have a preferential position in the draw and there are 32 seeds in the main draw. Seeding for the Wimbledon tournament is different to the other grand slam tournaments and is based on the following formula: ATP ESP (entry system position) points + 100% points earned for all grass court tournaments in the past 12 months + 75% points earned for best grass court tournament in the 12 months before that.

After the draw, the Men’s singles tournament is divided into 4 rounds, quarter-finals, semi-finals and finals. Men’s Singles and Men’s Doubles matches are played to the best of five sets; matches in all other events are played to the best of three sets. A tiebreak game is played at 6 games all, except in the fifth (in case of best of five sets) or in the third (best of three sets) set, when a two-games difference must be achieved. All events are played as single-elimination tournaments apart from the Men’s, Senior Men’s and Ladies’ Invitation doubles which follow a round-robin format.

Schedule of the 2014 Wimbledon

Date

Competition

Courts

Monday 23 June

Men's and Ladies' Singles 1st Round

CC, C1, C2, Outside Courts

Tuesday 24 June

Men's and Ladies' Singles 1st Round

CC, C1, C2, Outside Courts

Wednesday 25 June

Men's and Ladies' Singles 2nd Round, Doubles 1st Round

CC, C1, C2, Outside Courts

Thursday 26 June

Men's and Ladies' Singles 2nd Round

Mixed Doubles 1st Round

CC, C1, C2, Outside Courts

Friday 27 June

Men's and Ladies' Singles 3rd Round, Doubles 2nd Round

Mixed Doubles 1st Round

CC, C1, C2, Outside Courts

Saturday 28 June

Men's and Ladies' Singles 3rd Round, Doubles 2nd Round

Mixed Doubles 1st Round, Junior’s / Senior’s events

CC, C1, C2, Outside Courts

Sunday 29 June

No play

Monday 30 June

Men's and Ladies' Singles 4th Round, Doubles 3rd Round

Mixed Doubles 2nd Round

CC, C1, C2, Outside Courts

Tuesday 1 July

Ladies' Singles Quarter-Finals, Men’s Singles 4th Round

Men’s and Ladies’ Doubles 3rd Round

Mixed Doubles 3rd Round

Centre Court & No.1 Court

Wednesday 2 July

Men's Singles, Men’s and Ladies’ Doubles Quarter-Finals

Mixed Doubles 3rd Round

Centre Court & No.1 Court

Thursday 3 July

Ladies' Singles, Men’s and Ladies’ Doubles Semi-Finals

Mixed Doubles Quarter-Finals

Centre Court & No.1 Court

Friday 4 July

Men's Singles, Men’s and Ladies’ Doubles Semi-Finals

Mixed Doubles Quarter-Finals

Centre Court & No.1 Court

Saturday 5 July

Ladies' Singles, Men's Doubles, Ladies' Doubles Final

Centre Court & No.1 Court

Sunday 6 July

Men's Singles, Mixed Doubles Final

Centre Court & No.1 Court

 

2014 Wimbledon price money, trophies and points

The two main trophies to be won at Wimbledon are the silver gilt cup awarded to the Men’s singles champion and the sterling silver salver (also called the Venus Rosewater Dish) for the winner of the Ladies’ singles. The winners of the Men’s, Ladies’ and Mixed doubles receive all silver cups; runner-ups in all events of the Tournament receive an inscribed silver plate. The Men’s singles Champion trophy is approx. 47 cm high with a diameter of about 19 cm. It consists of couple of handles on each side and is settled on a raised foot. It is golden in colour and adorned with borders, floral work and oval style mouldings. The inscription “The All England Lawn Tennis Club Single Handed Championship of the World” is engraved on the trophy, together with the dates and names of the Champions. The Rosewater Dish is about 48 cm in diameter and is decorated with mythology figures, the rim of the salver has an ovolo moulding. Both main trophies are not kept by the winners; they only receive their smaller replica.

Besides the trophies, the Wimbledon participants also play for attractive price money. In 2013, over 22,5 mil GBP was distributed among the players, 1,6 mil GBP out of which was awarded to the winner of the Men’s and Ladies’ singles tournament and 800.000 GBP to its runner up. The price money for the 2014 season has not yet been announced, but in the previous years the prize money has always been higher compare to the previous year, thus an increase can be expected again. In parallel with the trophy and price money, the winner of the Wimbledon tournament (men’s or woman’s singles) is awarded 2000 ATP and the same number of WTA ranking points, the runner up 1200 ATP and 1400 WTA points.

Brief history of the Wimbledon Championship

The first Wimbledon tournament was organized in 1877 as a Men’s singles competition. Ladies’ singles and Men’s doubles were introduced seven years later in 1884, Ladies’ doubles and Mixed doubles in 1913. In the first years of the Tournament, mainly just players from England participated in the competition. The first Championship won by a non-England player took place in 1905, when May Sutton from the USA won the Ladies’ singles tournament. In the first decades of the 20th century, the international as well as the overall popularity of the tournament was raising fast, both, among players as well as spectators. For instance, the number of spectators in year 1932 reached 200,000, compare to just 200 in the first year of the Tournament existence.

The increase of the interest in the Tournament also forced its organizers to move the tennis ground in 1922 from the original facilities in Worple Road to the present location in Church Road. Even though the popularity of the Wimbledon Championship was increasing already since the beginning of the 20 th century, it wasn’t until 1968 that all players were allowed to the Tournament. This year represents the end of the Tournament’s “amateur era” and the beginning of the so called “open era”. Since its foundation, the tournament has been held every year, apart from years 1915 – 1918 (not held due to the World War I) and years 1940 – 1945 (not held due to the Wold War II).

The most successful Men’s singles player in the “amateur” history of the tournament is William Renshaw, who has won the tournament seven times, however, Renshaw also benefited from the Tournament format (challenge round format) effective during the major part of his tennis career. The most successful men’s players of the Wimbledon’s open era are Pete Sampras and Roger Federer, who has, however, still a good chance to increase his record. Other successful players were Bjorn Borg (open era) and Lawrence Doherty (amateur era) with five victories. Regarding ladies’ singles, the most successful player in the Wimbledon’s open era was Martina Navratilova with 9 titles and Steffi Graff with 7 titles, followed by the Williams sisters who have both won the title 5 times. In the amateur era of the tournament, Helen Wills Moody with 8 victories holds the primacy.

 

Source of illustration picture: © lilufoto - fotolia.com

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